island of the Madeira archipelago is situated on the parallel 33ºN
and extending down to 32º30' (Latitude).
It is situated across the longitude from 17º 15' through to 16º
This is roughly on the same latitude as Casablanca in Morrocco, or the
islands of Bermuda in the Caribbean.
It is approximately 796 km from the African north coast.
island is 57 km long (east-west) and, at its broadest, 23
km wide (north-south), with a total area of 736.8 square km.
This makes it comparable in size to Rhodes or Minorca.
Santo, the only other populated island of the archpelago, is 36 km
north east of Madeira and is much smaller, being 12 km long and
7 km wide.
islands consist of two groups, the Desertas and the Selvagens (not on
map above): now designated as bird sanctuaries.